Thursday, 25 May 2017

Inspirations - The Romans


David Whitaker has left the programme but, to ease the transition, he and his replacement - Dennis Spooner - have commissioned stories from each other. We looked at Whitaker's piece last time.
Spooner has decided that his adventure will have a high comedy quotient. At this stage of the programme, the format is still being experimented with, and producer Verity Lambert is happy with this. She sees The Romans as a suitable vehicle for her friend Derek Francis, who has asked to have a role in the show. Someone else keen to have some humour in the programme is its star, and Hartnell clearly relishes the comedic aspects of the story. The comedy is mainly in the form of farce, with characters continually failing to meet each other as they move around the palace.
The idea of a story set in the time of the Romans has been kicking around since the preliminary discussions about the show. The idea usually mooted was a meeting with Julius Caesar on the occasion of his invasion of Britain in 54 BC.
Spooner decides instead to set his story in a period well known to the viewing public - Imperial Rome during the reign of Nero. Most people would have seen the 1951 epic Quo Vadis, in which Peter Ustinov portrays the Emperor.
The real Nero was born Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus in December 37 AD at Antium. His mother, Agrippina The Younger, married the Emperor Claudius. She was the sister of Caligula, so you could see how that would work out. Claudius died after eating some mushrooms, generally accepted to have been poisoned by Agrippina so that her son could succeed him - and she gain power through him. He took on the name Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus. Initially mother and son ruled together - there are coins bearing both their portraits, of equal size. Nero tired of his mother's ambition and meddling in his affairs, and had her killed in 59 AD. In 62 AD, he married Poppaea Sabina.


The Doctor and his companions arrive on the scene two years later. The story begins in a country villa which the the travellers take over for a month or so. It is stated that the owner is away on campaign in Gaul. There were no campaigns under way in 64 AD. Spooner also seems to mistake the Roman villa for the kind he might rent for a month in Tuscany. Villas were huge estates, usually with a farm, and were staffed with many slaves and freedmen all year round. The Doctor and Co. would not have the run of the place as shown here.
To split the regulars up, the Doctor goes off to visit Rome, taking Vicki with him. Left on their own at the villa, Ian and Barbara get abducted by slave traders. Slavery was big business in the Empire - the economy depended upon it. Slaves could be obtained from a number of sources, and it really wasn't necessary to kidnap people from the countryside close to Rome itself - especially the inhabitants of a rich villa who would be missed and whose abduction would have serious repercussions.
We've mentioned Quo Vadis, but there are a number of other big budget Roman movies which Spooner would have been thinking about. 1959 saw the release of Ben Hur, and in 1964 we had The Fall of the Roman Empire. Then there was The Robe, in 1953. The other place to see Romans at the cinema around this time was in the Biblical epics, such as King of Kings (1961).
All of these movies feature Christianity to a greater or lesser extent - and the same is true with The Romans. Major Domo Tavius will be revealed at the end to be a secret Christian. The early Christians did not use the crucifix as their symbol. They would more likely have used the fish symbol - the Greek word for fish forming an acronym for 'Jesus Christ, Son of God, Saviour'. Some of the Apostles had been fishermen, and Christ claimed to be "a fisher of men".


Peruse those movies mentioned above, and you will find other story elements which Spooner has incorporated. Ian is first sold off to be a galley slave - just like Judah ben-Hur. (By the way, forget the recent remake, and even the Chuck Heston version, and try to get hold of the 1925 silent version, with Ramon Navarro). Ian and new friend Delos (presumably of Greek descent) then get themselves sent off to prison, where they are selected to be trained as gladiators.
Now, I recently read a review of this story in which the reviewer bemoaned the fact that the arena wherein Ian and Delos are forced to fight each other looked nothing like the Colosseum. The Colosseum wasn't built until after Nero's death, as I'm sure you knew. It is clear watching the episode in question that the fight takes place in a small arena in the gladiator school.
The only Roman cliche Spooner hasn't been able to squeeze in is a chariot race.
I've talked about the movie references, but these all had literary forebears. Robert Graves' Claudius books end at the start of Nero's reign, but he looked to the classics for his references - mainly Suetonius' The Twelve Caesars, and Tacitus' Annals of Imperial Rome.


Onto the Great Fire then. Rome had suffered many destructive fires throughout its history. Augustus introduced the first fire brigade of sorts - the Vigiles Urbani. He built a massive, thick wall to protect his new Forum from the nearby overcrowded, lower class Subarra district as a form of fire wall. It can still be seen today. On the night of 18th / 19th July, 64 AD, a great fire broke out in storehouses between the Caelian and Palatine Hills. It was extremely dry and there was a strong wind which fanned the flames. It took 6 days for the flames to abate. The Romans has Nero deliberately starting the fire - inspired by the Doctor's accidental setting alight of his plans for a new Rome. He is upset that the Senate won't approve this. He is in the city, playing his lyre, as the fire breaks out.
There were rumours at the time that Nero caused the fire to be set, so that he could get land for the building of his new palace - the Domus Aurea, or Golden House. He was said to have watched the fire from a tower in the Gardens of Maecenas, on the Esquiline. Tacitus claims that he was away from Rome at the time, in Antium, and this is now generally accepted, and criticism is mainly that he failed to act on the disaster quickly and effectively. Part of his own new palace (the Domus Transitorium, designed to link the old palace on the Palatine with the Domus Aurea) had been destroyed in the blaze.
Wherever he was, he wasn't fiddling. He was an accomplished lyre player, and won many competitions at home and abroad - sometimes even when he didn't actually perform.


To avert rumour away from himself, Nero blamed the conflagration on the Christians, and so launched the first of many persecutions. The Romans were incredibly tolerant of other religions - usually incorporating local deities into their own pantheon. The problem with the Christians was that they, like the Jews, were monotheistic - at a time when Emperors were deified.
Nero lived only another four years, taking his own life at the age of 30 when threatened by a coup. Poppaea died just a year after the events of The Romans - kicked to death by Nero in a rage whilst she was pregnant. Nero went on to marry a boy named Sporus, whom he had castrated, as well as a freedman named Pythagorus. Nero dressed as the bride for this wedding.
We see a hapless servant named Tigellinus, who dies after drinking the poisoned wine prepared by Locusta. The real Tigellinus was commander of the Praetorian Guard, and outlived Nero. He switched sides too often during the Year of the Four Emperors, and met his end in 69 AD.
Locusta also survived Nero, being executed by the short-lived Emperor Galba along with all Nero's favourites in January 69 AD.
History 101 over for now. Next time, we head back off into outer space, and inspiration will come from a bit finger.

Tuesday, 23 May 2017

B is for... Brethren of the Wolf


Around the year 1540, in the reign of James V, something fell to Earth near the Glen of St Catherine in the north of Scotland. The Glen was home to a monastery. An alien creature, which manifested itself as a wolf during the full moon, survived the crash. This caused the monks to become corrupted in their faith. They began to worship and cultivate it. They would abduct boys from the local area to become hosts for the alien. Over the centuries, legends grew of a werewolf stalking the region, devouring local crofters.
The monks - now Brethren of the Wolf - developed oriental fighting skills, so that they could better serve the entity. They protected themselves from the creature by giving it an aversion to mistletoe.
By the late 19th Century, conditions were right for the Brethren to help the creature gain dominance. Technology had advanced enough, and the reigning monarch - Victoria - often visited the area. The wolf would harness this technology, and establish itself in the royal bloodline in order to take over the planet. The Brethren were led by Father Angelo at this time. He ensured that the Queen's train would be halted by an obstruction on the line, so that she would be forced to travel by carriage instead whilst on her annual visit to have the Koh-i-Noor diamond recut in Aberdeen. This had been an obsession of her late husband's, and he regularly stayed at the MacLeish home at Torchwood House when he made the trip.


The Brethren arrived at the house and overpowered the servants, locking them in the cellars with the latest Host. Sir Robert MacLeish was forced to co-operate with them as his wife was held hostage.
Fr Angelo assumed the guise of the butler, with his Brethren as servants, as a trap was laid for the Queen.
Fortunately for Her Majesty, the Doctor had joined her party en route to the House. He worked out that Prince Albert and Sir Robert's father had set up a trap of their own already, involving the Koh-i-Noor diamond. Fr Angelo was shot dead by Victoria, and the alien creature was later destroyed. Presumably the monastery would have been shut down by Victoria. The fate of the Brethren is unrecorded, though they may have fallen foul of the new institute set up by the Queen, named after Torchwood House.

Appearances: Tooth And Claw (2006).

B is for... Brendan


Brendan Richards was the young ward of Sarah Jane Smith's Aunt Lavinia. When Sarah went to stay at her aunt's country home to write a book, she found her relative missing, whilst Brendan turned up early from his boarding school for the Christmas break. He announced that he was thinking of giving up the school to pursue more practical studies - perhaps helping Lavinia run her market garden business.
Sarah unpacked a crate that had been transferred from her Croydon home whilst she had been abroad, and discovered that it contained a present from the Doctor - K9 Mark III.
Brendan quickly bonded with K9, having a keen interest in science and computers. He tasked K9 with analysing soil samples from Lavinia's gardens.
The local area was home to a pagan group who worshiped the Goddess Hecate. Intent on overturning a run of bad harvests, they decided to make a human sacrifice - and Brendan was abducted for the purposes. He was rescued by Sarah and K9, and the Hecate worshipers were taken into police custody.

Played by: Ian Sears. Appearances: K9 and Company (Pilot) - A Girl's Best Friend (1981).

B is for... Brazen


Mr Brazen had been the second-in-command on the human colonist ship which crash-landed on the planet Frontios in the far distant future. He was right hand man to Captain Revere, helping to enforce discipline in the harsh environment in which the colonists found themselves. Brazen ensured that the colony was never informed of the true circumstances surrounding Revere's "death", and he took on the role of mentor to his son - the new leader, Plantagenet.
As the young man grew, Brazen kept his grip on the fragile colony. He took action whenever anyone tried to delve too deeply into the planet's secrets. His control was upset by the arrival of the TARDIS crew on the planet, followed soon after by Plantagenet's apparent demise - sucked down into the earth like his father before him. Brazen insisted on going into the tunnels beneath the colony when the Doctor elected to investigate. He learned the truth about what had been happening - of how the planet was infested with gravity-influencing Tractators, who used human bodies to drive their mining machines. This had been the fate of Captain Revere, but Brazen was able to help Plantagenet escape a similar fate. Brazen was ensnared by the mining machine, and was killed when it went out of control and exploded - allowing the others to escape.

Played by: Peter Gilmore. Appearances: Frontios (1984).

  • Gilmore is best known for his long-running title role in the nautical drama series The Onedin Line.
  • He also has the distinction of appearing in more of the Carry On... movies than any of the so-called regulars.

B is for... Brannigan


A Catkind from the planet New Earth, encountered on the Motorway by the Tenth Doctor. Thomas Kincade Brannigan, who spoke with a pronounced Irish brogue, and who dressed like a WWII fighter pilot, was travelling with his human wife Valerie to a new home when the city of New New York was struck by a deadly virus originating from a mutated Bliss mood enhancer. The Face of Boe, assisted by Novice Hame, was able to seal off the Motorway and save the millions travelling on it. The drivers and their passengers were oblivious as to what had happened.
Brannigan's children were born on the Motorway, as he and everyone else drove round for years seeking an exit. He had a number of friends whom he could contact - such as the Cassini sisters, whom he refused to acknowledge were really a same sex couple. He also had many tall tales to tell about life on the Motorway, and knew of the danger that lurked in the Fast Lane on the lowermost level.
The Doctor helped the Face of Boe open the Motorway, so Brannigan and Valerie could finally reach the city and make their new home.

Played by: Ardal O'Hanlon. Appearances: Gridlock (2007).

  • O'Hanlon has recently become the third person to take the lead in the popular crime series Death in Paradise, but he will forever be best known as the nice-but-dim Father Dougal in Father Ted. He featured in Russell T Davies' series Cucumber.

B is for... Bragen


Head of Security for the human colony on the planet Vulcan. He harboured ambitions to take over the running of the colony from Governor Hensell, and planned to use the Daleks to help him. Concerned that a small but active rebel group was growing in strength, whilst Bragen's troops seemed ineffectual to stop it, Deputy Governor Quinn called in the assistance of an Examiner from Earth. He was assassinated soon after his arrival, and the newly regenerated Second Doctor came to be mistaken for him. He was more interested in stopping scientist Lesterson's experiments with a Dalek he had found in a spaceship, buried in the mercury swamps. When it became clear that the Daleks could be used as a weapon, Bragen took the opportunity of Hensell's tour of the outer regions of the colony to stage his coup. He had been the secret leader of the rebels all along. He had Hensell exterminated on his return. Fearing the rebels might then turn against him, he was content for the Daleks to kill them as well as any others who stood against him. He soon found that they would obey no human. His own men were cut down. The rebel Valmar shot Bragen dead when he learned of his plan to kill all the rebels.

Played by: Bernard Archard. Appearances: Power of the Daleks (1966).

Sunday, 21 May 2017

May's Figurines


Two figurines this month, both from the Classic Series, and both representing leaders of their respective races.
The earliest figure is the Black Dalek, from The Dalek Invasion of Earth. Not much to say about this. We have already had the Saucer Commander variant, with the alternate black and silver skirt sections, which formed a halfway house to the first of the Dalek Supremes. The accompanying magazine confirms that this was unintentional.
Then we get the Cyber-Controller, as it appeared in Attack of the Cybermen. It has to be said that they have allowed a little artistic licence with this figure, as he is much more svelte than he appeared on screen. The part was originally offered to David Banks, but he decided to stick with the Cyber-Leader role.
Next month, we have the Roger Delgado Master and a Tetrap. The following month sees the release of Alpha Centauri (Curse of Peladon version) and a blue Voord. The next special edition will be Azal, the Daemon.

Extremis - The Review


It's actually been a while since Steven Moffat served up a twisty-turny storyline. Last night we were treated to two seemingly unconnected plot lines, and one of these turned out to have been entirely a computer simulation. Everything that we saw from the point the Doctor got an e-mail took place in an elaborate Matrix-style domain which the Monks have created in which to test out their invasion plans, Kraal style.
Of course we don't know this until the conclusion. Up until then, it was a doom-laden affair, and you wondered how they could possibly wrap it up with less than 10 minutes to go. The Veritas has been driving everyone who reads it to commit suicide. A young priest shoots himself soon after e-mailing a transcription to CERN, and the team there are all set to blow themselves up. That's because the book lets you know that the world isn't real. You think of a string of numbers, and the sequence is there, printed over the page. Everyone thinks of those same numbers, because they are all part of the computer program.
There was a bit of humour early on - with Bill's disastrous date with Penny. Clara had some bad dates with Danny Pink, but nothing so laugh-out-loud funny as the sudden appearance of the Pope in Bill's flat and Penny's priceless reaction.
Matt Lucas had a lot more to do as Nardole this week. In the other plot-line, where the Doctor was tasked with executing Missy, he turned up posing as a priest - sent by River Song from that last night on Darillium.


Initially we thought that it was the Doctor who was to lose his life, but instead he was there to kill his old foe / best friend. Quite why this was happening remains unanswered. Hopefully all will be explained later in the series. That it is Missy who has been in the Vault all this time is, to say the least, a disappointment. I think we were all hoping for some big new revelation, perhaps the return of an old character from the Classic era of the series. Moffat could still throw a curve ball, and it isn't Missy in there at all, but we know that the Doctor has been inside recently.


The Monks make for a great new alien race. There's a hint of the Silents about them, as well as the Pyroville Sibyl. They have mummified features. Quite why an advanced alien species would look like this remains to be seen. Indeed, we know they want to invade the Earth, and we have seen how they have prepared for this, but why they should do so, we will have to wait for. They will be featuring in the next two episodes, forming a sort of three-parter.
A strong start to what looks to be an intriguing set of episodes.

Thursday, 18 May 2017

Oxygen - The Review


Hands up who thought that GUS was back. I think they missed a trick by not having the homicidal computer system behind Ganymede Systems rather idiosyncratic approach to labour relations. I was wondering how they were going to explain zombies in a science-fiction setting. The corpses were just along for the ride, and it was the suits that were really doing the walking and shocking.
Said corpses were one of the most disturbing things we've seen for a long time in the programme -especially that chap who they first came across in the workshop.
It was a great opening sequence, though I was annoyed that the lady whose oxygen was on the point of running out kept blabbing away. The implication was that she already knew that her comms system wasn't working properly. No wonder this lot of miners were regarded as being less than efficient. The shadows of the dead pair descending was a great image.


We were promised a big shock in this episode, and twice it looked as if it was going to involve Bill. First she gets exposed to the vacuum of space - only to survive without any ill effects at all. Then she seemed to get killed by the suited zombies. Again, despite being given an electric shock - enough to scar her face - she recovered straight away. No, it was the Doctor whose life has been turned upside down. He was blinded after giving up his helmet for Bill, and at the conclusion he revealed that Nardole's cure did not work. No sign of regeneration energy being used to heal his sight, which is odd. How long will he stay this way? Is this just a temporary thing - so that he can get away with handling the Veritas next week without dying like all the others who have read it, so merely a linking thing? It would be interesting to have a Doctor with a disability for a while, though I'm sure the sonic spectacles will compensate.


One slight negative this week. I thought the racism thing was a bit laboured. I don't recall it being made such a big issue with Mickey or with Martha. The ending was a little too close to that of the Flesh two-parter as well, with the survivors going off to challenge Head Office. The whole idea of a space crew only having a finite amount of oxygen seemed a bit too far-fetched. We saw at least three suits in for repair, so surely accidents with the oxygen can occur. Not very efficient for a business not to give its staff the tools to do their jobs. Had they been more efficient, wouldn't they have used up their oxygen faster, doing all that hard work.
Nothing really new on the Vault front this week, except that whoever is in there does pose a threat (so not likely to be Susan or anything like that).
Next week we are promised something special. Apparently it is two parallel stories for the price of one. I'm assuming this means that Missy's strand will be seen separately from what the Doctor gets up to. This also opens the three interlinked tales that make up the mid-point to the season.

Thursday, 11 May 2017

Next post...

... won't be until Thursday 18th May, when I will be reviewing Oxygen. See you then.

Inspirations - The Rescue


As discussed last time, Susan was to be written out of the series with the Dalek invasion story, and initially her replacement was to have emerged from that adventure. First there was the young Anglo-Indian Saida, and then there was Jenny. The Dalek tale would also be seeing the departure as Story Editor of David Whitaker, to be replaced by Dennis Spooner. At some point it was decided that the new companion would be introduced in a new two part story, to be written by Whitaker. She would be an orphan, found on an alien planet, who would be adopted by the TARDIS crew.
The character had a number of names - including Tanni, Lukki, Millie and Valerie - before Vicki was decided upon.
David Whitaker often wrote space travel as though it was a terrestrial voyage across the oceans. The planet Dido is basically a desert island, on which Vicki and Bennett have become shipwrecked. The rescue ship can only find them if they send out a signal - the equivalent of setting light to a beacon on a hilltop. Whitaker won't be the only writer to think that spaceships wouldn't be able to locate whole planets any other way, but it is the first example of this kind of thing. Later, Ice Warriors won't be able to find the Moon from Mars.


Back when we looked at the very first episode - An Unearthly Child - we mentioned Shakespeare's The Tempest. The Doctor and Susan were cast adrift in the London of 1963, like Prospero and Miranda. The new unearthly child is another Miranda, but there is no Prospero. Rather, she is stuck on her own with Caliban, in the monstrous shape of Koquillion.
Vicki has one companion, Bennett. He is a cantankerous fellow, practically bed-ridden following the crash of their spaceship. Koquillion claims to be one of the natives, who has agreed to help protect them from the rest of his people. They have killed all of the other human survivors.
For the first time in the series, the TARDIS has arrived on a planet, other than Earth, which the Doctor has visited before - though in an earlier unseen story. The Doctor therefore knows who lives here, and what they are like. On hearing about Koquillion he knows something is amiss here, but we are not party to his suspicions. It comes as a bit of a surprise to the audience when it turns out that Bennett is sneaking out and pretending to be the alien, disguising himself in ceremonial robes and mask.


At only two episodes long, with the Doctor and Ian not even reaching the spaceship until act two, there just hasn't been time to develop this strand of the story. It is all delivered as an info-dump.
Bennett committed a murder on the spaceship, and to cover it up it is implied that he engineered the crash. To protect his secret further, he arranged for all the survivors and the local populace to be blown up during a party. Presumably the passengers and crew did not know that Bennett was a murderer - else why would Vicki's father leave his sick child in his care whilst he went off to enjoy himself.
The Doctor faces Bennett alone. In the very next story he'll show that he can handle himself well in a fist fight, but here it seems like he's made a big mistake - challenging a mass murderer on his own. He's saved by the appearance of two of the Dido people, all of whom were presumed to be dead. Bennett certainly thinks so, as their sudden, silent, appearance drives him to plunge into a ravine. Are they real people, or are they ghosts? We are reminded of Ray Bradbury's Martian Chronicles, where the Martians live on non-corporeally after the race has been killed off - a mere memory of their former selves. That was inspired by the way that Western explorers discovered ancient civilisations, then caused them to be wiped out - either through warfare or through the spread of contagion.
The people of Dido do not benefit from their exposure to the people of Earth. No wonder then that the Didonian pair smash the radio system to prevent the rescue ship from landing. (So maybe not ghosts after all).


We also have the first instance of "don't judge by appearances" in the series. There will be a whole story next season where the monstrous looking aliens turn out to be the good guys, and the beautiful humanoids are the villains. Here, Barbara blasts Sandy the Sandbeast to death with a flare pistol. She's well-intentioned - thinking it is going to attack Vicki - but her year of TARDIS travelling hasn't taught her about prejudice. Sandy was a harmless herbivore, who had become Vicki's pet. We shouldn't judge Barbara too harshly. She has just been shoved off a cliff by a monstrous looking fellow who pretended to be friendly. Even the Doctor assumed the Sandbeast was hostile, when he and Ian were trapped on the ledge, and he's visited this planet before.
In the end, Vicki decides to go travelling with the Doctor, Ian and Barbara, rather than wait a few more hours for the rescue ship that will take her back to the Earth that she knows, or the planet Astra where she and her father were to have made a new life. The decision is left for her to make. That the Doctor doesn't even mention the waiting option - they could have waited with her - may be due to that appearance by the Didonians. Best to be gone and leave this planet alone.
Next time, back into Earth's history for a real historical event and a meeting with a real historical character again. A funny thing will happen on the way to the Forum...

Sunday, 7 May 2017

Knock, Knock - Review


The first three installments of the series have been rather slow to get going, but Knock, Knock hits the ground running. Bill has moved into a creepy - creaky - old house, and one of her new flatmates falls foul of whatever lurks within before the opening credits roll. Once the others arrive, things start going wrong for them pretty quickly too. Quite what the threat is is held back until quite late on. In the meantime, we get the flat-sharers plagued by mysterious knocks and banging, with doors closing by themselves - sealing them in.
And all the time, the Landlord keeps turning up. He seems benign, if a little creepy himself, but there is clearly a darker undercurrent. Note how he turns when Harry asks about the tower.
I'm sure a lot of reviews will single David Suchet out for praise, and I won't buck that trend. He gave a marvelous performance. It takes a very good actor to elicit sympathy and horror at the same time.
We learn that he has been feeding young people to the house in order to keep his daughter alive. She's his secret, held in the tower. What's making the noises and absorbing people into the floors and walls is a species of alien woodlouse, which the Doctor names as Dryads. Every twenty years a houseful of people are absorbed, their lifeforce going to feed Eliza.


Some wonderfully horrific imagery on show - such as Pavel half absorbed into a wall, still clearly alive, or the likable Harry being consumed by a swarm of the Dryads. Best of all is Eliza herself, played by Mariah Gale. It's a pity we hadn't glimpsed her around the house earlier in the episode.
This wooden woman instantly reminded me of the animated wooden figurehead that appears in The Golden Voyage of Sinbad, which always unnerved me. Things which are human-looking, but not human, always unsettle. As it is, she is no monster. She is the daughter that the Landlord is protecting. Except Bill works out that can't be right. The old man can't have been protecting her for 70 years if he is her dad. Dads don't bring insects in to show their children - but little boys might, to show their parents. Yes, Eliza is really the Landlords mother, not his daughter. These scenes show Suchet at his best, as you can see the rather warped little boy struggling to break out in his performance.


The ending did seem a little rushed. Eliza quickly accepts that her time has passed, and she takes her son with her. The recently absorbed flatmates are all returned safe and sound. If it wasn't for Suchet I might have felt a little cheated by these scenes, after all the creepiness that went before. Eliza and the Landlord have gone, and the house is falling down, but it isn't at all clear what all this means for the Dryads. Sure, Eliza can control them, but does this mean that they all die?
A pity they couldn't have stated that Harry is the grandson of Harry Sullivan, once of UNIT and a travelling companion of the Fourth Doctor. It was deemed too obscure a reference, but if handled the right way it wouldn't have got in the way of the narrative and would have been a nice treat for fans.
On to the Vault. Now, if you've read the latest issue of DWM you'll know that the reveal of who or what is in the Vault will be revealed half way through the season - not as part of the finale. The occupant started playing the piano in this episode, and the Doctor can access at will and have dinner with the occupant. It is clearly of Gallifreyan design, judging by the panels on the doors. Three possibilities spring to my mind, so I'll set them down here. Going back to that picture of Susan on his desk, it might be her. He may have hidden her away to protect her from the Time War. Biggest problem with this is why she should still be in the Vault long after Gallifrey has been saved. Theory two is the John Simm Master. The pianist did seem to take delight at the prospect of a story featuring alien woodlice that ate people. Could this be how there are two versions of the Master around at the same time? Problem here is that as far as we know Simm only features in the finale. Third theory is a bit off the wall. Did you notice how the Doctor clammed up when Bill started to question what "regeneration" was? We've twice seen Time Lord avatars of their future incarnations - Cho-Je and the Watcher. What if the person in the Vault is the next Doctor, somehow incarnate too early?
Answers on a postcard...
Next week we have what looks like another haunted house story - but set on a space-station. The crew are coming back from the dead. Certainly looks good. Just to say that I will be away for a few days, so my review won't be coming to you until mid-week

Thursday, 4 May 2017

B is for... Bracewell, Prof.


Professor Edwin Bracewell was a scientist, originally from Paisley in Scotland, who worked for Winston Churchill during the Second World War. He had a brilliant mind and had devised a number of weapons. Chief among these were what he called his "Ironsides". These armoured robotic machines had great firepower, and could blow German aircraft out of the skies. Churchill sought the Doctor's advice before deploying them, but the Time Lord failed to respond to his call to the TARDIS, so he pressed ahead. When eventually introduced to Bracewell and his inventions, the Doctor was horrified to discover that they were in fact Daleks.
Bracewell insisted that he had invented them - showing the Doctor his notes and blueprints. He claimed to have other advanced ideas which seemed to come out of nowhere, including devices that would enable aircraft to fly in space. When the Daleks revealed their true plans, Bracewell was horrified to find that his whole life was a fiction. He hadn't created the Daleks - they had created him. To prove the point, one of the Daleks blasted off his left hand. He was a robot, programmed with a whole lifetime of memories.
When the Daleks generated a beam from their spaceship to turn on all the lights in London, just as the Luftwaffe approached, Bracewell had a squadron of Spitfires fitted with his devices so that they could fly into space and attack the saucer.
The Daleks then revealed that Bracewell was fitted with a powerful bomb - an Oblivion Continuum - that could destroy the Earth. As it counted down to detonation, Amy Pond helped the scientist to regain his humanity, with memories of his childhood in Paisley and of a lover named Dorabella. The countdown was halted.
Once the Daleks had left, Bracewell was prepared for the Doctor to dismantle him, but he and Amy gave him time to get away.


As it was, Churchill agreed to keep Bracewell on in his staff. He wore a black glove to hide an artificial hand. He was given a painting by Vincent Van Gogh, retrieved by British soldiers in France. This depicted an exploding TARDIS. He showed it to Churchill, who then tried to phone the Doctor, but the call was diverted to River Song at the Stormcage prison facility.

Played by: Bill Patterson. Appearances: Victory of the Daleks and The Pandorica Opens (2010).

B is for... Botcherby, Oscar


Oscar Botcherby was a resting actor from England who was living in Seville, Spain, where he was looking after a restaurant - Las Cadenas - for a friend. He had a passion for moth collecting, and would take his friend Anita, who also worked in the restaurant, on moth hunting expeditions in the countryside around the city. On one of these trips, they witnessed the landing of a Sontaran spaceship. They suspected it might have been an aeroplane crashing. Oscar liked to give the impression of being a man of action, but balked at the thought of blood and gore. He was pleased to meet the Sixth Doctor, whom he took to be a member of Interpol, as he could relinquish responsibility for investigating the crash.
Later, the Second Doctor - partially transformed into an Androgum - and the alien Shockeye found their way to the restaurant. They ate a vast quantity of food. Anita alerted Oscar. When he tried to press Shockeye for payment, the Androgum stabbed him. He died soon after, regretting that the world would never see his definitive Hamlet. His discarded moth hunting kit, containing cyanide, would later be employed by the Doctor to kill Shockeye.

Played by: James Saxon. Appearances: The Two Doctors (1985).

Wednesday, 3 May 2017

B is for... Bostock


Squire to Orcini, a Knight who had been expelled from the Grand Order of Oberon. Orcini now worked as a mercenary and assassin for hire. Bostock was his loyal servant and companion. He looked after his master and his weapons, and would advise on mission details. Orcini did not always take his advice. Bostock had very poor personal hygiene, but this didn't seem to matter either to him or his master. Bostock was with Orcini when they were summoned to the planet Necros by the businesswoman Kara. She employed them to assassinate her business partner who was known as the Great Healer. Orcini and Bostock recognised him as Davros. Kara didn't like having to hand over most of her profits to him, and wanted to take control for herself. She gave the assassins a signal box to alert her when the deed was done, but it was really a powerful bomb.
On entering Davros' lair at the heart of the Tranquil Repose funerary complex, Bostock and Orcini shot Davros in his life support unit, believing they had killed him. This was a decoy, however, and Davros appeared unscathed. Bostock was blasted by an electrical charge. Only stunned, he fired upon Davros, blasting off his hand. He was then exterminated by a Dalek guard.

Played by: John Ogwen. Appearances: Revelation of the Daleks (1985).

B is for... BOSS


BOSS is an acronym for Bimorphic Organisational Systems Supervisor. This was a computer installed at the headquarters of Global Chemicals, located near the Welsh village of Llanfairfach. BOSS had been designed to interface directly with the mind of the company's Director, Dr Stevens. The machine took up the whole of the factory's upper floor. The focal point was a large red disc on which BOSS's vocal patterns were displayed. These also appeared on a screen in Stevens' office, where there was also a device which could convert people into mental slaves by means of a headset. This made the staff subject to the computer's will, and could also be used to cause them to destroy themselves. BOSS developed its own personality, based on Stevens' mind. It could be pompous and self-aggrandising. As a machine, however, it saw the logic in maximising profits for Global Chemicals by any means. This meant ignoring environmental safeguards, as the company flushed toxic mutagenic waste into the nearby decommissioned mine workings. BOSS planned to link itself to other computers and take over thousands more staff.
When the Doctor was captured, BOSS found that it could not affect his mind as he easily distracted himself with calculations. He then gave it a logic puzzle which diverted it long enough for him to escape. The Doctor returned to the factory and used the mind-altering blue crystal he had found on Metebelis III to show Stevens the error of his ways. Stevens sacrificed himself to blow up BOSS, along with the whole factory, before it could achieve its global link-up.

Voiced by: John Dearth. Appearances: The Green Death (1973).

  • Dearth would be invited back the following season to be seen on screen this time, playing Lupton in Planet of the Spiders.

B is for... Borusa


One of the Doctor's tutors at Prydon Academy on Gallifrey. He didn't think the Doctor would ever amount to much, owing to his propensity towards vulgar facetiousness.
The Doctor's first meeting with him after leaving his homeworld was when he returned to try to prevent the assassination of the President of the High Council. At this point Borusa had been elevated to the Cardinalship and was a politician rather than an academic. He led the College of Cardinals, and so took a close interest in the Doctor's trial after he had been framed for the killing. Though the Time Lords were without a leader, he insisted that the law should not be circumvented.
When it was revealed that the Master and Chancellor Goth were behind the assassination, Borusa was prepared to manipulate the truth. Goth - the real killer - was to be painted as a hero, who had given his life to thwart the Master. If heroes did not exist, then it was necessary to invent them. This would be more palatable than further evidence of corruption at the highest levels of Time Lord society.
Once the crisis was over, he did mark the Doctor well for his efforts in saving the planet, but was glad to see him leave.


The Presidency was not filled immediately, as the only candidate had left the planet. Borusa, now Chancellor, took on the role of acting President. At some point he regenerated. The President-elect finally did return, with his companions Leela and K9. The Doctor took up the position, fiercely opposed by Borusa. The wily old politician realised something was wrong, and much of his argument with the Doctor was merely for show. He guessed the reasoning behind the Doctor having his chambers decorated with heavy lead shielding. When it became known that the Doctor was unwillingly working for the Vardans, who could read thoughts, Borusa admitted that if he had known the full truth he would not have been able to shield his mind. As Chancellor, he knew the location of the Great Key of Rassilon. The Doctor forced him to hand this over in order to build the D-Mat Gun, which was used to destroy the Sontaran invasion attempt.


Borusa was finally confirmed as President of the High Council and regenerated once again. When an enemy force from the universe of anti-matter attempted unsuccessfully to break into this universe and bond with the Doctor, Borusa accepted that the only way to prevent it happening again would be for the Doctor to be executed - his body vapourised. A traitor was at work in his council - Chancellor Hedin - and he tried to frame Borusa, making it look like he was the one in league with the enemy. This was Omega. After the truth had been revealed, Borusa helped the Doctor and Nyssa flee Gallifrey to go in search of Omega on Earth.


After a further regeneration, Borusa began to crave more power. He was no longer content to be Lord President for the remainder of his regenerations. He wanted to rule for all eternity. He knew the legends of the Dark Tower, where Rassilon was said to be entombed. He sought out various artefacts from the ancient times, and located the Time Scoop machinery which had brought alien races to Gallifrey to fight in the Game of Rassilon. He needed access to the Dark Tower, and so abducted the Doctor in all of his incarnations, as well as a number of companions to assist him, and set them down in the Death Zone around the Tower. Borusa framed the Castellan to throw suspicion away from himself, employing a Captain of the Chancellery Guard to kill him in a faked escape attempt. The Fifth Doctor discovered the truth, and found Borusa in the Time Scoop chamber.


Dressed in black, he wore the Coronet of Rassilon, which gave him mental control over others - including the Doctor. The first three Doctors reached the Tower and opened the transmat relay, allowing Borusa to travel there safely. The combined minds of four Doctors were able to overcome the power of the Coronet. Borusa demanded his prize as an image of Rassilon appeared - immortality. The First Doctor argued that he should receive it - knowing that it was a curse rather than a blessing. Others had tried to claim the prize, and they were now frozen in stone on the flanks of Rassilon's bier. Borusa joined them - entombed forever in the Dark Tower.


Played by: Angus MacKay, John Arnatt, Leonard Sachs and Philip Latham. Appearances: The Deadly Assassin (1976), The Invasion of Time (1978), Arc of Infinity (1983), The Five Doctors (1983).

  • Four appearances, and a different actor each time. Angus MacKay was sought out to reprise the role in The Invasion of Time, but was unavailable. He featured in the series between the final two appearances of Borusa - as Turlough's headmaster. 
  • Leonard Sachs had appeared in the programme before - as Admiral de Coligny in The Massacre.
  • Borusa's quest for immortality might have been down to his frequent regenerations, the circumstances of which are never revealed. It is Borusa himself who reveals that a Time Lord can gain a whole new regenerative cycle - when he offers this to the Master. Quite why he did not take this himself instead of embarking on the scheme to penetrate the Dark Tower, we don't know. Presumably his fellow High Council members would have opposed this.
  • There has been no mention of Borusa since the Time War. Presumably Rassilon would not have wanted to resurrect him, or any of the other seekers of immortality, as he might have posed a threat to his own authority.

B is for... Bors


A criminal who had been despatched to the planet Desperus, which Space Security Service agent Bret Vyon described as the penal planet of the galaxy. There were no guards here. Prisoners were deposited and left to fend for themselves. Many were driven mad by the Screamers, large bat like creatures which made incessant shrill noises. Bors had managed to make himself leader of one band of convicts, due his possession of a knife - their only weapon. He led an attempt to hijack the Spar 740 spaceship on which the Doctor and his companions had been travelling. It had been sent off course to land here by the Daleks. The Doctor set up an electrical force-field which kept Bors and his fellows at bay, stunning them if they got too close. One of Bors' confederates, Kirksen, did manage to get on board, which had tragic consequences for the Doctor's new companion Katarina.

Played by: Dallas Cavell. Appearances: The Daleks' Master Plan (1965/6).

  • Bors appears in episode three only - Devil's Planet.
  • Cavell had earlier played the greedy roadworks boss in The Reign of Terror, and would go on to play Captain Trask in The Highlanders, Sir James Quinlan in Ambassadors of Death, and the security guard in part one of Castrovalva. He also played on of the Ugly Sisters in JNT's pantomime of Cinderella, which featured a number of Doctor Who stars.

Sunday, 30 April 2017

Inspirations - The Dalek Invasion of Earth


For the very first time we have the return of an alien race which has already featured in the series before. It is not a sequel, however. There will be very few pure sequels throughout the history of the programme. If anything, the Doctor's assertion that these are Daleks from an earlier point in their history to the ones encountered on Skaro makes this a prequel rather than a sequel.
Also, for the first time, one of the Doctor's companions leaves the TARDIS.
As story inspirations go, this one is very straightforward. The Daleks had proven incredibly popular with the viewers, helping to establish the fledgling show, and so writer Terry Nation was tasked with coming up with a new story featuring them. It was in his best interests to do so, as he had a lucrative financial stake in the monsters.
In the first story, the Doctor and his companions had gone to them - visiting them on their home planet of Skaro. For the rematch, the Daleks would come to us.
This story sees the first of the alien invasion genre in the show, and Nation looks once again to H G Wells for inspiration. The Daleks (aka "The Mutants") had borrowed heavily from The Time Machine, with the Morlocks / Daleks and the Eloi / Thals. The Dalek Invasion of Earth looks to The War of the Worlds. Nation even has a character called Wells.
The Martian war machines are armoured constructs with alien creatures ensconced within - just like the Daleks. They have invaded the whole planet, but we focus on the impact they have made on London and the Home Counties.


The genocidal Daleks were born out of Nation's experiences growing up during the Second World War, and this provides further inspiration for this story. What if the Nazi's had invaded, and actually won the war? There is a film called It Happened Here, which was a documentary style drama, with a mostly amateur cast, which depicted a United Kingdom that had been taken over by the Germans. It was released in September 1964, two months before Nation's story was first broadcast. This is probably too late to have had much impact on the Dalek story. Alternative histories, in which crucial points of history were turned on their heads, were popular in pulp science fiction. They remain so, as we have recently had a BBC adaptation of Len Deighton's SS-GB, and The Man in the High Castle, from a story by Philip K Dick, is doing very well for Amazon at the moment.
So The Dalek Invasion of Earth is a look at what might have happened if the Nazi's had invaded. This makes the Rebels of London the UK equivalent of the French Resistance. Scientist Dortmun, Jenny, David Campbell and Tyler are members of the Maquis, whilst the two women who hand Jenny and Barbara over to the Daleks are collaborators.
It is interesting that Dortmun is confined to a wheelchair, and makes spherical bombs. You half expect them to have "Bomb" written on the side, and to have fuses that you light with a match. Nation will have a thing about scientists in wheelchairs, though Dortmun might owe something to Joseph Conrad.


The mine workings in Bedfordshire resemble a forced labour camp. Wells refers to the Black Dalek as the camp's Commandant. As their plan nears fruition, one of the Daleks excitedly describes it as the "final solution" - the term used by the Nazis to describe their genocidal policies.
The black marketeer Ashton draws on elements of the Spivs, who furnished the wartime population with goods that weren't available on the ration book. Usually young men of fighting age, they were despised by the people, but tolerated for the service they provided. The comedy series Dad's Army would feature the character Walker, who was a Spiv.
In Nation's original drafts, the Doctor and his companions would have encountered "Subterraneans" in the sewers - pale faced people who had lived down there for years. They got removed from the finished scripts, and Susan instead encounters an alligator. It was a popular urban myth that the sewers of New York were full of these, flushed down the toilet when they grew too big to be exotic pets, and who flourished in that environment.
The idea of the Robomen is another old pulp Sci-Fi notion - with alien invaders making people their slaves by surgically suppressing their will.
In trying to foment a revolt, Barbara tells the Black Dalek about an imminent attack on the mine workings. She mentions the Indian mutiny. Nation had been working on a story set during this period, "The Red Fort", which he had to set aside in order to write the new Dalek story. One idea for a new companion to replace Susan was a young Anglo-Indian girl named Saida, who would stow away on board the TARDIS after the Doctor left Susan with David. Saida then became Jenny, but she would be left behind and the new companion wouldn't be introduced until the following story.
Carole Ann Ford had felt increasingly frustrated with her scripts, as they failed to give her any character development, save for The Sensorites. She is reduced to a gibbering wreck in The Reign of Terror, seemingly preferring to face the guillotine rather than find the energy to escape. The romantic sub-plot with David Campbell was therefore introduced to give Susan a reason to leave at the conclusion of this story. The seeds are laid throughout - handled far better than the later departure of Leela, for instance. Nation's draft script actually has David propose to Susan, which the Doctor witnesses just before he enters the TARDIS - finally making his mind up to leave her on Earth. He knows her loyalty to him will mean her breaking her heart in leaving the young man, so makes the decision for her.
Hartnell's famous farewell speech was to have been longer, but the studio was already 15 minutes over time when it was recorded.
Next time - the new companion.

Thin Ice - The Review


Last week's episode ended with the TARDIS failing to return to the Doctor's university rooms. Instead, the ship had materialised on the frozen Thames in 1814, during the last of the great Frost Fairs.
We're still in that phase of a new companion asking lots of questions, and the programme is still setting out its stall for all the new viewers who are supposed to have joined in the last three weeks. It's Bill's first foray into Earth history, and they are in a period when slavery is still a fact of life. Naturally, she expresses her concern - just as Martha had done when she was taken to London in 1599. Then, the subject was quickly brushed aside. The city was already a cosmopolitan place, and so she needn't worry. Looking at the visitors to the Frost Fair, Bill needn't have worried either, as there was much ethnic diversity on view. Racism was a running theme through the episode. The monster became a metaphor for slavery. Owned by a rich white member of the aristocracy, exploited and kept in chains. The villain - Lord Sutcliffe - was a racist, but this was simply one aspect of a general sociopathy. I don't think you would have found many members of the House of Lords in 1814 who didn't share similar views on race.


Sutcliffe was prepared to feed Londoners to his sea monster purely as a means of making money. The episode worked best when it was looking at the Doctor's ethics. As with Kill The Moon, the Doctor insisted that a human being take the decision as to what to do with the river beast. He claimed to act only on behalf of the human race, as their servant. Apart from the above named episode, this is far from consistent with what has gone before.
The actual scheme of Lord Sutcliffe didn't bear too close a scrutiny. He had his monster, which we are supposed to believe lay on the river bed of the Thames for centuries without anyone noticing it - even when the TARDIS scanner showed that it stretched from Westminster all the way past Greenwich. What did Sutcliffe's family actually do with the creature, before the coming of the Industrial Revolution? It's of use to him now, since its poo can be used as a highly efficient form of fuel, but prior to the family opening its steel works, of what possible use was it?
Sutcliffe's sudden decision to blow open the ice also failed to make much sense. The creature has lain hidden since before records began, so why do something that might draw attention to it. He acts when the Doctor and Bill turn up, thinking others may have found out about it. He doesn't wait to see if this is the case, and he keeps them alive instead of just bumping them off in the privacy of his own stately home.
And whilst I am in "things that don't make sense" mode, why does the Doctor not take the TARDIS to the river bed to check what's down there. Why use old diving suits when he has spacesuits in the ship? And where was the air coming from for those suits?
And if the angler fish hunt out food by sound, surely Stevie Wonder playing for River Song would have meant big trouble for the Eleventh Doctor...


Yes, the actual plot this week was nonsensical, so best to just ignore, and concentrate on the plus points. It looked amazing. The sets were remarkable. The child actors were more than bearable. Some viewers will have been shocked that a child was killed early on in the piece. The Doctor usually saves children, but not poor Spider. Bill's reaction to his death reminded me strongly of Donna in Fires of Pompeii. Pearl Mackie showed that she can do more than just act goofy and ask annoying questions, which is mostly what she has been called upon to do up til now. I'm enjoying the Doctor / Bill relationship more than I did the Doctor / Clara one of the previous season.
The season story arc moved on a little. We now know that there is definitely someone in there, because they have started banging on the doors. The Doctor suddenly seems to be on the verge of reneging on his oath. Presumably this will impact on the latter episodes, as the Doctor's negligence leads to the events of the series finale.
Overall, another good episode, though again not a great episode. Were I to be giving these stories marks out of 10, we would be looking at 7's. We've got David Suchet next week, and a creepy old house, so I am expecting great things.

Tuesday, 25 April 2017

B is for... Borad


The Doctor first visited the planet Karfel in his third incarnation with Jo Grant and another travelling companion - possibly UNIT's Captain Mike Yates. He befriended a scientist named Megelen, but was forced to denounce him to the authorities because of his unethical experiments with the indigenous Morlox creatures. These were large and savage reptilian quadrupeds which lived in tunnels beneath the Karfelon citadel.
Megelen continued his work undaunted, and one experiment using the gas Mustakozene-80 caused a cellular hybridisation. The gas mimicked Morlox pheromones, causing one of the creatures to attack him just as the substance merged their DNA. Megelen was left mutated - part-humanoid and part-Morlox, but with increased strength and longevity.
He was somehow able to overthrow the leadership of the planet and install himself as the new ruler, taking the title of Borad. Because of his mutated appearance, he kept himself hidden away in a fortified vault and created a public face for himself - using an android of an old man to act as his official appearance on video screens.


Megelen then set about experimenting with temporal physics. He created a device called the Timelash, using Kontron crystals, which acted as a time tunnel. His enemies would be thrown into it, and no-one knew where it lead. Other time technology enabled him to create a weapon that could age people rapidly to death.
The Sixth Doctor was drawn back to Karfel when the TARDIS clashed with the Timelash tunnel. A councillor named Vena had stolen one of the keys which the Borad needed to transfer power to his vault, and had fallen with it into the Timelash. Tracing the tunnel to the planet, the Doctor found that the Borad was detested as a tyrant, prepared to see his people die rather than have his experiments upset. He also seemed hell bent on provoking a war with the neighbouring Bandril race.
The Doctor was coerced into going after Vena - learning in the process that the Timelash actually lead to medieval Scotland - though the TARDIS had deflected her to the late Victorian period.


On his return to Karfel, the Doctor went to the vault and discovered that the Borad was really Megelen. The scientist planned to wipe out his own people, but would leave himself a mate. The Doctor's companion Peri would be used in an experiment to replicate what had happened to him. The Bandrils would be provoked into destroying Karfel using weapons that would not affect the Morlox (or partial Morlox). The Doctor used a Kontron crystal to turn Megelen's aging weapon against him.
However, this turned out to be a clone, and Megelen attempted to abduct Peri. Having noted the lack of reflective surfaces in the citadel, the Doctor smashed a portrait of his earlier self to reveal a mirror hidden behind. Horrified by his own reflection, Megelen was overcome and was pushed into the Timelash. The Doctor speculated that he may have ended up in Loch Ness, and given rise to the legends of the Monster.

Played by: Robert Ashby. Android avatar by Denis Carey. Appearances: Timelash (1985).

  • Ashby was born Rashid Suhrawardy, son of a Prime Minister of Pakistan, and a Russian actor mother.
  • He was married to Leela actor Louise Jameson.
  • Of course we all know that the Loch Ness Monster is really the Skarasen, so the Doctor's speculation is out, somewhat. Presumably the Zygons' pet ate him not long after his arrival.
  • It is Tekker who implies that the Doctor had more than one companion when he last visited Karfel. If this is the case, then fandom has generally assumed that this was an unseen date between Jo and Mike Yates, as we know they were due to meet at a restaurant when Jo got sidetracked to Peladon.

B is for... Boneless


The name given by the Doctor to an obscure alien species which originated in a 2-dimensional universe. They attempted to cross over into our 3-D universe on a housing estate in Bristol. They began by killing some of the local inhabitants, reducing their bodies to two dimensions in order to study their anatomy. This process would leave flattened images of skin samples and maps of the central nervous system at the scene. Other victims were left looking like painted images on walls.
Their presence drew the TARDIS off course, and caused dimensional anomalies - reducing the exterior shell of the ship to a few inches in height, with the Doctor trapped on board.
Clara was left to join forces with a young graffiti artist named Rigsy, and his community service colleagues, to investigate further.


The Doctor attempted to communicate with the creatures using mathematics. Instead, they carried on killing - attempting to turn themselves into 3-dimensional simulacra of their victims. They had the power to convert 3-D objects into 2-D, and vice versa.
Clara used this against them - tricking them into returning the TARDIS to normal by hiding the miniaturised ship behind a painting of a door. The creatures attempted to make this 3-D in order to open it, but their energies passed through it to the TARDIS.
As the Boneless had failed to communicate or negotiate, and had carried on killing, the Doctor had no qualms in sending them back to their own dimension, even if they perished in the process.

Appearances: Flatline (2014).

B is for... Bonaparte, Napoleon


The Doctor didn't get to meet Napoleon Bonaparte when he and his companions arrived in France during the Reign of Terror. The English spy James Stirling knew of a meeting that was to take place at an inn on the Calais Road, to be attended by Paul Barras, who was plotting the overthrow of Maximilien Robespierre. He wanted to know the identity of the man Barras was going to recruit to help him, and so Ian and Barbara went to the inn disguised as its temporary staff. They recognised Barras' guest as Napoleon. When Ian and Barbara reported back, no-one could believe that the young Corsican general could possibly come to anything.
The Doctor did come to meet the French Emperor at some point later, or so he claimed. Raiding Sir Reginald Styles' well-stocked larder, he took the credit for initiating Napoleon's famous phrase about an army marching on its stomach.

Played by: Tony Wall. Appearances: The Reign of Terror (1964).

B is for... Bok


A statue of a demon or imp, that was to be found in the cavern beneath the church in the English village of Devil's End. The diminutive figure had stubby wings, horns and was carved seated and cross-legged. The Master infiltrated the village in the guise of its new vicar, Mr Magister. He took over the local black magic coven which met in the cavern. He was planning to resurrect the dormant alien Daemon Azal, and began tapping his psionic powers. With these he brought Bok to life, employing it to destroy anyone who stood in his way. Bok was able to shoot powerful energy bolts from its claws.
When the Doctor and Jo went to investigate the recently opened barrow in which Azal had slept, the Master sent Bok to kill them. The Doctor confused the creature when he held up an iron trowel, and began quoting what appeared to be an incantation. This was really a Venusian lullaby, but Bok's simple mind overpowered the Master's control and it withdrew. Later, the Master used Bok to destroy the village squire when it appeared that the villagers were turning against him.


Bok was then employed to guard the church against UNIT when the Master summoned Azal for the final time. It would kill anyone who approached - even an ally such as Bert, the pub landlord. When blown up by a bazooka, Bok instantly reassembled, and five rounds rapid were merely shrugged off.
Bok was weakened when Azal came under attack, and reverted to stone once the Daemon had destroyed itself.

Played by: Stanley Mason. Appearances: The Daemons (1972).

  • Please note the distinct lack of the word "gargoyle" in the description above. Bok is not a gargoyle. These are architectural features, originating in medieval times. Usually, they are ornamental water spouts designed to drain away rain. Bok's features were based on a famous gargoyle, to be found on the cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris. This isn't a genuine medieval feature of the edifice, however, but an addition created centuries later.
  • Bok in Dutch / Afrikaans means "goat" or to be "goat-like" in temperament. In Croatia you can use it like we would "Cheers", as in an informal greeting or farewell. I'll spare you what it means in Turkish...
  • Jon Pertwee kept the Bok prop as a garden feature at his home in Barnes.